Tortoises / Land Turtles
Tortoises need a clean, dry, roomy cage.
They should have a large bowl of fresh water to drink and bathe in.
They need a balanced diet of leafy greens, fruits, and vegetables.
Food should be dusted with calcium powder containing vitamin D3 and/or a multivitamin powder.
Most do well if kept around 80 F but discuss with your veterinarian for individual species requirements.
A ceramic heat source is a good way to regulate the temperature in your tortoise enclosure.
A full spectrum (UVA/UVB) light should be provided during the day. Replace the bulb every 6 months to ensure adequate UV penetration.
They can live for a long time with proper care and husbandry.
They should visit the vet once or twice a year for a physical exam and intestinal parasite check via a fecal sample.
Tortoises often have calcium and vitamin A deficiencies from an incorrect diet and/or husbandry. Tortoises can have intestinal and external parasites. They are also prone to getting respiratory diseases, bacterial infections, and neoplasia.